5 Alcoholic Types In Alcoholism Study

The editorial staff of Desert Hope Treatment Center is comprised of addiction content experts from American Addiction Centers. Our editors and medical reviewers have over a decade of cumulative experience in medical content editing and have reviewed… Cooper Smith earned his Bachelor’s in Writing for Entertainment from Full Sail University. While he was initially interested in a career in television, he saw an issue in his community and felt compelled to do something more. Now, he uses his knowledge to reach out to people who may need help and make the public aware of issues we are facing as a society. If you or someone you love falls into othese categories, do not hesitate. Have a confidential, completely free conversation with a treatment provider about your financial options.

  • However, this group is the most severe, with heavy drinking occurring almost daily.
  • This means that alcohol consumed in small doses (1–2 units) can reduce anxiety and stress and make the consumer feel relaxed.
  • But in fact, many individuals suffering from alcohol use disorder are known as functional alcoholics or high-functioning alcoholics.
  • They also often suffer from co-occurring mental health problems, such as bipolar disorder and depression.
  • On average, this type of alcoholic will consume 17 drinks at a time.
  • The reasoning behind the label “functional” is because they can maintain their relationships, and keep their job despite the fact that they’re an alcoholic.

It is interesting to note that the subtypes summarized in table 2 have been identified through armchair intuition as well as by comparative research and empirical clustering techniques. To the extent that different methods have identified subtypes with similar features, this provides strong evidence for the cumulative wisdom of the past as well as the progress made in recent years. Despite these significant improvements in recent typology research, the field still faces some challenging issues. For example, perhaps because of the differences in measurement techniques and methodological approaches, typology researchers have not always recognized the similarities between their own work and that of other investigators.

Common Types Of Alcoholics

People in the chronic severe subtype are the most likely of any group to experience major depression, dysthymia, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder. They also may have addictions to cigarettes, marijuana, cocaine, and opioids. More than half of young antisocial alcoholics have a family history of alcoholism, and around half also struggle with antisocial personality disorder. When a person suffers from a co-occurring mental health disorder, the risk for also developing alcoholism or problems with substance abuse are elevated.

5 types of alcoholics

Meanwhile, alcohol ismore likely to increase aggressive behaviors in people with ASPDthan in people without. This may be because alcohol interferes with executive functioning in the brain, which regulates and inhibits aggressive behavior. People with ASPD also show impaired executive functioning, which may make them particularly vulnerable to this effect. Only8.7%of young adult alcohol dependents have ever sought treatment for their drinking problem. If they do choose to seek help,they tend to prefer 12-step programsover specialty treatment clinics or private professional practices. This group also tends to spend significant amounts of time recovering from alcohol, and many experience reduced activities due to drinking.

All Types Of Alcoholics Can Find Help At Westwind Recovery®®

Some alcoholics are very good at hiding the signs and symptoms of their substance use disorder, while others may not even realize that they’re struggling with dependency at all. Regardless of which type of alcoholic someone is, the potential risk for health problems or death are alarming. Alcoholism is the 3rd leading lifestyle-related cause of death with around 88,000 deaths reported each year. And while not everyone loses their lives to alcoholism, many suffer impacts of their drinking that threaten their wellbeing both short and long-term. The young adult subtype is not entirely made up of college students, as there are also many young adults who struggle with alcoholism who are already in the workforce and/or unemployed. Studies do show that those young adult subtype alcoholics who are not enrolled in college are more likely to have part-time jobs. One of the most concerning aspects about alcoholism in this age group is the damage alcohol can do to the brain, as the brain is still developing in important areas, such as in the prefrontal cortex.

According to NIAAA, around 20 percent of college students struggle with alcohol addiction. The chronic severe subtype is the least prevalent, accounting for only about 9 percent of alcoholics. However, this group is the most severe, with heavy drinking occurring almost daily.

Patterns of chronic heavy drinking or binge drinking can lead to physical dependence and addiction. NIAAA publishes that in 2015 over 15 million American adults battled alcohol addiction.

  • If you or a loved one is suffering from alcohol use disorder , it’s important that you seek addiction treatment.
  • While it is very unlikely that a member of this group will seek out treatment, they are most likely to seek out a 12-Step program if they do.
  • Binge drinking can lead to physical and emotional harm, as well as fatalities.
  • Support groups are peer-led organizations made of people dedicated to helping each other stay sober.

It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers. Almost35%of young antisocial alcoholics have sought help for their alcohol dependence problems.

Treatments For Young Adult Subtype Alcoholics

Most of them experience acute alcohol withdrawal symptoms and have a hard time recovering. They are common emergency room patients, unlikely to maintain jobs and relationships. However, they do seek help and invest time and effort into their recovery, even though they often 5 types of alcoholics relapse. The classification allows specialists treating addiction to better understand why their patients abuse alcohol, how they perceive their addiction, and which treatment approach will work better. Here are the five types of alcoholics and their main characteristics.

  • As you read through these different subtypes of alcoholism, maybe some of these signs have sounded just a little bit too familiar.
  • While he was initially interested in a career in television, he saw an issue in his community and felt compelled to do something more.
  • The tools below will help you spot these signs early on and learn to look past denial and accept the truth about your addiction.
  • Alcohol is often implicated in exacerbating aggression, and the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence publishes that 40 percent of all violent crimes cite alcohol as a contributing factor.
  • Suggestion, especially under light hypnosis, was designed to “lessen the risk of relapse long after treatment is ended” (p. 68).
  • Many people drink in moderation, which is defined as one daily drink for women or two daily drinks for men.

The therapy or alcohol rehabilitation program can be more acute which gives you a better chance of recovering successfully. Comprising 19% of alcoholics in America, the typical Intermediate Familial alcoholic is middle-aged.Half have a family history of multi-generational alcohol abuse. Almost half have been diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder. A number of issues may contribute to developing an addiction to alcohol.

Functional Subtype

Without contest, Young Adult Alcoholics are undeniably the most common type of alcoholics out of any other subtype. After all, many of these drinkers aren’t having a hard time holding down a job, aren’t drinking their life away all hours of the day, and aren’t even older than 30 in most cases. In questioning the value of “compulsory restraint in a retreat for long periods,” Wingfield (1919, p. 42) proposed specific treatments for different types of alcoholics. For pseudodipsomaniacs and true dipsomaniacs, he recommended administering small doses of apomorphine to provide temporary relief of craving and morphia to treat intense depression. Suggestion, especially under light hypnosis, was designed to “lessen the risk of relapse long after treatment is ended” (p. 68). According to Wingfield, suggestion reduces “haunting ideas of drink,” increases the patient’s will power, and sometimes brings to light repressed memories, “effecting a real cure thereby” (pp. 69–70). The largest percentage of alcoholics fall into this group, as NIAAA publishes that 31.5 percent of all alcoholics in the United States fit this subtype.

5 types of alcoholics

A chronic severe alcoholic likely started drinking and struggling with alcohol-related issues and problematic drinking at a young age and is currently middle-aged. This subtype also battles antisocial personality disorder at high rates and regularly has issues with the law and therefore criminal or legal troubles as well. Fifty percent of the young antisocial alcoholic subtype also suffer from antisocial personality disorder . ASPD regularly co-occurs with alcohol abuse and addiction, as theNational Institute on Drug Abuse reports that individuals battling ASPD are more likely to also battle drug and alcohol addictions.

Intermediate Familial Alcoholic

The researchers therefore reviewed the alcoholism typology literature since the mid-19th century to identify defining typological characteristics that combined could accurately describe alcoholic subtypes. Using cluster analysis, the investigators identified two types of alcoholics who differ consistently across 17 defining characteristics, including age of onset, severity of dependence, and family history of alcoholism. The two https://ecosoberhouse.com/ types also differ with respect to treatment outcome, with type B alcoholics more likely to relapse to heavy drinking. Individuals who fall into the chronic severe alcoholic subtype are generally middle-aged men who started drinking young. This subtype has many problems with alcohol beginning at a young age, and criminal behavior is common. They are not meant as a diagnostic to determine if someone is suffering from alcoholism.

5 types of alcoholics

Therefore, inpatient medical treatment is a must to start their journey of recovery. Looking in from the outside, you may never know this person is an alcoholic. They might be educated, go to church, are always on time for work, and participate in fun extracurricular activities.

A lot of effort and time is used to get alcohol, drink, and recover. Most smoke, and many also abuse marijuana, cocaine, and opioids such as heroin or prescription painkillers. Alpha – The person is psychologically dependent upon alcohol to relieve emotional and/or physical pain. Nova Recovery Center is dedicated to helping you or your loved one get help. One of our understanding, dedicated advisors will contact you about your options. “Our data shows that alcoholism is more a disorder of youth than previously suspected,” he adds.

It does come from an interesting history and is worth learning more about. This paragraph is talking about “real alcoholics” who have lost control over their drinking. The AA book is clear that there are many other types of drinkers , some of whom may be able to stop or moderate their drinking. But in the experience of those drinkers who lost control, their illness always progressively got worse. Alcohol use disorder comes in many forms and can have a variety of different signs and symptoms.

The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.

Inpatient treatment is the most intensive and effective type of addiction treatment. Intermediate familial alcoholics are more likely to have been genetically predisposed to alcoholism. They tend to drink less often than the other types, but binge drink more. We’ll be able to tell you if your provider is in network with Desert Hope Treatment Center and all American Addiction Centers locations.

Theresa is passionate about recovery having gone through addiction herself. All of the information on this page has been reviewed and verified by a certified addiction professional. Addiction to one substance increases the risk of becoming addicted to others, especially if taken in conjunction with each other to produce different highs. As alcohol is so widely available, the likelihood of combining it with other substances is high.